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Concept mapping

Page history last edited by PBworks 16 years, 6 months ago
Being able to check our understanding of something is a useful skill and concept mapping orginally devised by Joseph Novak provides a simple tool for visualising and mapping out concepts and our understanding of the relationships between ideas. The assumption is that we construct our own knowledge and that new knowledge is connected and assimilated into existing cognitive structures. Concepts are thoughts, notions, abstract ideas conceived in the mind, often stimulated by experience. In a concept map the concepts are connected with lines and arrows and relationships are also verbally specified e.g. gives rise to, contributes to, results in etc. Links can be one-way, two-way or non-directional, causal and/or temporal.
Concept mapping was developed as a way to represent the emerging conceptual structure of the scientific knowledge of secondary school students. It has subsequently been used to represent the expert knowledge of amongst others scientists, product development teams, physicians, attorneys, software designers, and business strategists. Novakian concept maps are rooted in a David Ausubel'stheory of meaningful learning and a theory of knowledge.  Concept maps support cognitive development by: 1) helping the learner and teacher determine what the learner knows, the hierarchy and relationships of concepts in her cognitive structure, and 2) by providing advance organizers that foster the meaningful integration of new information into existing cognitive structure.


















Click the image above to see Dr. Frieda Klotz of King's College Londo University discuss the use of Concept Mapping in teaching Classics. It might take a couple of minutes to download.

















Concept Mapping software

Concept mapping tools are becoming increasingly important due to the capability of concept maps to represent the knowledge claims and to reveal the conceptual hierarchy and interconnections among the key concepts the domain-of-interest. Some computer tools for concept- or mind mapping.

REVIEW Inspiration Software, Inc. maker of Inspiration
REVIEW Axon Idea Processor 5.0 by Chan Bok
REVIEW CMap 2.0 for Macintosh fetch by gopher
REVIEW Decision Explorer (formerly called Graphics COPE) by Banxia Software



REVIEW SemNet Research Group maker of SemNet
REVIEW MindMan by Micheal Jetter
REVIEW CoCo Systems maker of VisiMap and InfoMap (Lite)


REVIEW Activity Map by Time/system Int.
REVIEW TextVision / TekstNet by Piet Kommers.
REVIEW SMART Ideas by SMART Technologies
REVIEW EGLE Magic (info by e-mail) maker of Mind Mapper [Mind Mapper fetch by ftp (approx. 300kb)]
































Concept Maps, Meaningful Learning & Collaborative Knowledge Building

Cañas, A.J., G. Hill, R. Carff, N. Suri, J. Lott, T. Eskridge, G. Gómez, M. Arroyo, R. Carvajal (2004), CmapTools: A Knowledge Modeling and Sharing , In: Concept Maps: Theory, Methodology, Technology, Proceedings of the First International Conference on Concept Mapping, A.J. Cañas, J.D. Novak, and F.M. González, Editors. 2004, Universidad Pública de Navarra: Pamplona, Spain. p. 125-133.


Cañas, A.J., R. Carff, G. Hill, M. Carvalho, M. Arguedas, T. C. Eskridge, J. Lott, R. Carvajal, (2005). Concept Maps: Integrating Knowledge and Information Visualization. In: Knowledge and Information Visualization: Searching for Synergies, S.-O. Tergan, and T. Keller, Editors. Heidelberg / New York: Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science.

Coffey, J. W., R. Hoffman, A. J. Cañas and K. M. Ford, (2002). Concept Map-Based Knowledge Modeling Approach to Expert Knowledge Sharing, IKS 2002- The IASTED International Conference on Information and Knowledge Sharing, November 2002, Virgin Islands.

Coffey, J.W., M. J. Carnot, P. J. Feltovich, J. Feltovich, R. R. Hoffman, J. Cañas, J. D. Novak, (2003). A Summary of Literature Pertaining to the Use of Concept Mapping Techniques and Technologies for Education and Performance Support, Technical Report submitted to the Chief of Naval Education and Training, Pensacola, FL.

Novak, J.D. (1998) Learning, Creating and Using Knowledge: Concept Maps™ in Schools and Corporations. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Novak, J.D. (1996) Learning How to Learn. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press.

Novak, J.D. & Canas, A. J. (2005). The Theory Underlying Concept Maps and How to Construct Them: Technical Report IHMC CmapTools 2006-01. Pensacola, FL: Institute for Human and Machine Cognition (IHMC).

Novak, J.D. & Cañas, A.J. (forthcoming). The Origins of the Concept Mapping Tool and the Continuing Evolution of the Tool. To appear, Information Visualization Journal.



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